Epidermis: conditions and disorders
As the body’s outmost skin layer, there are many different kinds of conditions, diseases and disorders that can affect the epidermis, some of which are more common than others.
Some conditions that can affect the epidermis are:
- Acne – Often found on the face, back and chest, acne is a very common condition that affects most people at some point. It causes spots, oily skin and can sometimes cause your skin to be painful to touch.
- Rosacea – A long-term skin condition that causes redness across the face, sometimes with a burning or stinging feeling when washing. It may also cause dry skin, swelling, or thickened skin after many years.
- Dandruff – A common skin condition that effects the scalp, resulting in white or grey flakes of skin in the hair.
- Eczema – Eczema is another common condition that causes the skin to be dry, itchy and red. It can be in small patches or all over the body, and it is very common in children.
- Infection – Infections on the surface of the skin can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. If you are concerned that you or your baby has a skin infection, you should speak to your doctor or pharmacist.
If you think that you or your child has a condition that’s affecting the epidermis, you can contact your pharmacist or doctor depending on the severity of the symptoms for further advice and treatment. Many skin conditions do not pose a long-term health risk and can be easily treated or managed.
It’s important to look after the epidermis to keep it healthy, and there are many factors that can inflame or irritate the epidermis.
A few ways you can look after your child’s skin are:
- Use a mild, fragrance-free soap when bathing your baby. When bathing newborns (before 4 – 6 weeks) only use water, and don’t use any kind of soap at all.
- Bathe your baby in lukewarm water, as hot water can dry out the skin.
- Pat your baby dry with a soft towel instead of rubbing them down.
- Try to avoid contract with triggers if they have an allergy. Allergies can often trigger skin conditions such as eczema or hives.
- Apply sunscreen to your baby’s skin of at least 30 SPF when going outside in the summer. Babies who are younger than six months old should not be exposed to direct sunlight.
Remember, the skin is the largest organ, and it works all the time to keep us healthy. That means you should be taking care of it! Babies have particularly sensitive skin, so it’s important to look after it using gentle care to prevent irritation or inflammation.